Did you know that the Belgian Laekenois originated as a dog for herding sheep at the Royal Castle of Laeken?
"The Finnish Lapphund breed has its origins as a reindeer herder of the Sami people. The Sami are an indigenous people residing in areas now divided between Finland, Sweden, Norway, and Russia. Traditionally, reindeer herding has been very important for the Sami people, and they are still involved in herding today."
In Hungary the puli has an important teammate, the similar but larger komondor, and together they were essential for shepherds to herd and protect their livestock. The puli usually acts as the main herder, but will alert the komondor of predators by barking so that he can scare or even fight them off.